US lawmakers have unveiled a bipartisan bill that would help

US lawmakers have unveiled a bipartisan bill that would help the Biden administration impose export controls on the best artificial intelligence (AI) models created in the country.

Late on the evening of May 8 in the United States, House Republicans Michael McCaul and John Moolenaar and Democrats Raja Krishnamurthy and Susan Wild announced the bill, which aims to make any future regulations on AI exports beyond legal challenges.

It would also give the Commerce Department “explicit authority” to prevent US citizens from working with foreign agents in developing artificial intelligence systems that would pose a potential risk to US national security.

Under current legislation, it is difficult for the Ministry of Commerce, which oversees export policy, to regulate open source AI models. If passed, the newly proposed bill would reduce any barriers to regulating open source AI exports.

The move follows a May 8 report from Reuters that said the United States was prepared to take action to protect its domestic AI from China and Russia. It said it would apply export controls to its most advanced AI models.

China is known to use open source models originating in the United States, such as Meta Llama models, to develop its own artificial intelligence.

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This also comes on the heels of the recent agreement signed on April 16 between Microsoft and G42, a Dubai-based artificial intelligence company. Microsoft has pledged to conclude a $1.5 billion deal with the United Arab Emirates to promote local innovation in the field of artificial intelligence.

This deal will also provide the UAE with access to advanced artificial intelligence technologies developed by Microsoft in the United States.

It’s one of several deals Microsoft has with foreign governments regarding the development and use of its AI models and cloud services.

However, the main concern for the United States remains that high-level AI technology will fall into the hands of the Chinese government. In November 2023, 01.AI – one of China’s most popular AI companies, founded by former Google CEO Lee Kai-fu – revealed that its AI model Yi-34B was built using Meta’s Llama system.

This is one of several steps the US government has taken to impose sanctions on China and reduce its access to US-made AI technology. In January, Chinese AI company Baidu faced potential sanctions over the People’s Liberation Army’s alleged use of the company’s technology for military endeavors.

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